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2013

  • At the 8th Journal of Financial Stability 2013 Conference on Risk, Banking and Financial Stability, Dr Razvan Vlahu (De Nederlandsche Bank) won the Best Paper Award for his paper (joint work with Martin Brown and Stefan Trautmann): Understanding Contagious Bank Runs. In this paper, the authors examine through which channels, and under which information conditions, a panic-based depositor-run at one bank may trigger a depositor-run at another bank.
  • A new paper by Maarten van Oordt entitled ‘Securitization and the dark side of diversification’ has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Financial Intermediation. Using a theoretical model, he examines potential new risk management strategies for financial institutions stemming from the creation of different tranches in securitizing loan portfolios.
    One of the surprising findings is that – under certain conditions – it can be particularly unfavourable for financial stability if institutions diversify by exchanging relatively safe tranches. Whether this is the case depends in part on the degree of leverage of the financial institutions involved. Exchanging relatively safe tranches can be especially disadvantageous from a risk management perspective for highly leveraged institutions. If carried out judiciously, however, exchanging tranches may strongly advance the resilience of financial institutions.
    Securitization and the dark side of diversification, Maarten R.C. van Oordt, Journal of Financial Intermediation, forthcoming.
  • The article "Transparency of banking supervisors" by Franka Liedorp, Robert Mosch, Carin van der Cruijsen and Jakob de Haan has been accepted for publication in IMF Economic Review. The authors have constructed an index of transparency of banking supervisors that takes political, economic, procedural, policy and operational transparency into account. Based on a survey, the index is constructed for 24 banking supervisors. The average score is 8.4 points (out of 15), whereas the minimum is 5.5 and the maximum 12 points. On average, political transparency is the highest in the sample, while procedural transparency is the lowest. The analysis suggests that it is very hard to identify factors that can explain the large differences in supervisory transparency, suggesting that country-specific developments drive transparency.
    Transparency of banking supervisors, Franka Liedorp, Robert Mosch, Carin van der Cruijsen and Jakob de Haan, IMF Economic Review, forthcoming.
  • A new paper by Chen Zhou (jointly with Laurens de Haan and Casper de Vries, both from Erasmus University Rotterdam) entitled “The number of active bidders in Internet auctions” has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Economic Theory. In this paper, the authors investigate why there are only a few active bidders in Internet auctions even if the auctions attract numerous agents. By modeling the valuations of the active bidders as a specific record sequence, the paper shows that if the number of potential bidders, n, is large, the number of active bidders is approximately 2log(n). This result potentially explains the relative inactivity. In addition, if the arrival of potential bidders forms a non-homogeneous Poisson process due to a time preference for auctions that are soon to close, then the arrival process of the active bidders is approximately a Poisson arrival process.
    The number of active bidders in Internet auctions, Laurens de Haan, Casper G. de Vries and Chen Zhou, Journal of Economic Theory, forthcoming.
  • Netspar grant for research about the pension preparation of small companies 
    Netspar is a network for  ‘Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement’ that makes grants available for researchers. Recently Mauro Mastrogiacomo (Financial Stability division and VU University ) has received a grant aiming to study the retirement preparation of freelancers in small companies. Are they, for instance, willing to take part in a collective pension fund?  
    The grant is financed by Netspar and VU University. Also DNB (the Dutch Central Bank), AFM (Authority for the Financial Markets), Robeco, the Ministry of Economic and Social affairs and other institutions are involved in this research  
    The research project starts on March 1st. Mauro will be appointed for 1 day a week as researcher within EBO (the research unit of the DNB), that will also accommodate the PhD and the post-doc that will be hired on this grant.
 

2012

  • A new paper by Neeltje van Horen (joint with Ralph de Haas of the EBRD) entitled “Running for the exit? International bank lending during a financial crisis” has been accepted for publication in the Review of Financial Studies. Using data on syndicated lending the authors provide insights in how banks reduced cross-border lending after the collapse of Lehman Brothers. The paper shows that substantial heterogeneity existed in the extent to which different banks retrenched from the same country: there was no blanket ‘run for the exit’. Instead, banks reduced credit less to markets that were geographically close; where they had more lending experience; where they operated a subsidiary; and where they were integrated into a network of domestic co-lenders. These results show that deeper financial integration is associated with more stable cross-border credit during times of crisis.
  • A new paper by Peter Wierts (joint with Roel Beetsma and Massimo Giuliodori from the University of Amsterdam and Benjamin Bluhm from Goethe University Frankfurt) entitled "From Budgetary Forecasts to Ex-Post Fiscal Data: Exploring the Evolution of Fiscal Forecast Errors in the EU" got accepted for Contemporary Economic Policy. In this paper, the authors investigate how ex post fiscal data differ from forecasts and nowcasts. The predictive content of fiscal plans is important, because it determines the reliability of the budget, while that of the nowcasts is important because these figures are an input for the next budget and may contain important signals about the fiscal stance. Findings show that, while fiscal plans are on average too optimistic relative to the nowcasts, nowcasts are overly optimistic relative to the ex-post figures. While most of the over optimism at the planning stage relative to the nowcast stage is driven by expenditures, revision errors are mainly caused by over optimism about revenues at the nowcast stage. Results also suggest that an improvement in the quality of institutions, whether measured by the tightness of national fiscal rules, the medium-term budgetary framework or budgetary transparency, increases the quality of budgetary reporting at both the planning and the nowcast stage. See link for the working paper version.
  • A paper by Joris de Wind (joint with Wouter den Haan of the London School of Economics) entitled "Nonlinear and stable perturbation-based approximations" got accepted for publication in the Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. In this paper, the authors propose a nonlinear perturbation-based approximation method that---unlike standard higher-order perturbation---does generate stable time paths for sure and does not have odd shapes. Moreover, the proposed approximation method avoids the drawbacks that hamper pruning, a procedure proposed by Kim, Kim, Schaumburg, and Sims (2008) to avoid the instability problems of standard higher-order perturbation. The authors find that both the proposed approximation as well as the pruning procedure give a good qualitative insight in the nonlinear aspects of the true solution, but---with a few exceptions---differ from the true solution in some quantitative aspects, especially in severe peaks and throughs.

2011

  • On 3-4 November 2011 we had organized our 14th Annual Research Conference in Amsterdam. This year's topic was 'Complex systems: Towards a better understanding of financial stability and crises'.
    In the face of the financial crisis, many policymakers felt abandoned by conventional economic tools. Serious limitations of existing economic and financial models immediately became apparent. Arbitrage broke down, markets froze and market participants were gripped by panic. Macro models failed to predict the crisis and seemed unable to deal with extreme situations and out-of-equilibrium dynamics.  Complex systems offer a new view on macroeconomic and financial phenomena where non-linear feedbacks and collective behavior play an important role.
    The conference’s aim was to bring together researchers and policymakers to deepen our understanding of macroeconomic and financial systems by using methods for complex systems developed in other fields, such as physics, engineering and biology, and to identify more efficient approaches for financial authorities and central banks to pursue their macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
     

2010 

  • 1 December 2010: DNB-researcher publishes in Journal of Financial Economics                                                                                                                                                                                                   Maarten van Rooij (Economics & Research Division) has had his paper ‘Financial Literacy and Stock Market Participation’ (joint with Annamaria Lusardi and Rob Alessie) accepted by JFE. This study measures financial literacy and its relationship with stock market participation. The findings suggest that the majority of respondents display basic financial knowledge and have some grasp of concepts such as interest compounding, inflation, and the time value of money. However, very few go beyond these basic concepts; many respondents do not know the difference between bonds and stocks, the relationship between bond prices and interest rates, and the basics of risk diversification. Most important, the results show that financial literacy affects financial decision-making: Those with low literacy are much less likely to invest in stocks.
  • March 3: New Visiting Scholar - Graciela Kaminsky
    From 8-12 March, Graciela Kaminksy (George Washington University) will be visiting DNB as a visiting scholar. She will present a paper titled: Two Hundred Years of Financial Integration: Latin America since Independence. Graciela Kaminsky is professor of Economics and International Affairs at George Washington University and Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. She has published widely in leading academic journals. Her research covers a variety of topics in macroeconomics and international finance, including financial globalization, mutual fund’s investment strategy, currency and banking crises, contagion, credibility, and inflation stabilization policies.
  • 12 January 2010: New Visiting Scholar - Dwight Jaffee
    From 12-15 January, Dwight Jaffee (Haas School of Business) will be visiting DNB as a visiting scholar. He will give a two-day course titled The U.S. Subprime Crisis: An Analysis of Proposed Banking and Financial Market Regulatory Reforms. Dwight Jaffee is the Willis Booth Professor of Banking, Finance and Real Estate in Haas School of Business, University of Califonia, Berkeley. He has written numerous articles. His current research focuses on the mortgage market and insurance supervision.
  • 12 January 2010: Markus Brunnermeier (Princeton University) visits DNB
    Markus Brunnermeier will present his paper titled 'A Macroeconomic Model with a Financial Sector' (written jointly with Yuliy Sannikov). He has done path-breaking research in a number of fields, including the relationship between financial intermediaries and macrovariables, global games, the relationship between funding and market liquidity, carry trades and currency crashes, and systemic risk. In the policy debate, he is mostly known for his contribution to the Geneva Report (The Fundamental Principles of Financial Regulation) and his analysis of the causes and dynamics of the crisis.

2009

  • 28th November 2009: DNB Researcher publishes in Journal of Monetary Economics
    Vincent Sterk (Research Dept) has had his paper 'Credit Frictions and the Comovement between Durable and Non-durable Consumption' (DNB working paper no 210) accepted by the JME. This work analyses the relationship between credit frictions and macroeconomic fluctuation using a DSGE model, and finds that current attempts to model financial frictions cannot generate sufficiently volatile macro aggregates.
  • 2nd November 2009: New Visiting Scholar - Simon van Norden
    From 2-5 November, Simon van Norden (HEC Montreal) is at DNB as a visiting scholar. He will give a short course on data revision in macroeconomics and a research seminar.
  • 26th October 2009: DNB Working Paper featured in Handelsblatt
    A recent working paper (No 218) by Andreas Pick, Thomas Meyer and Michael Biggs on the relationship between credit impulses and GDP growth was discussed in an analysis piece in the German newspaper Handelsblatt.