607 - Liquidity effects and the welfare costs of inflation in an endogenous growth model

Wetenschappelijke publicatie
Date 1 January 2000

The paper has two subjects. The first subject is the development of a monetary general equilibrium model with endogenous growth. By combining the two-sector endogenous growth model and the limited participation approach, the model is able to explain the empirically observed liquidity effect of an expansionary monetary policy. The second subject is the effect of inflation on growth and economic welfare. It is shown that the traditional approach to measure the welfare costs of inflation may be misleading: It ignores the costs or benefits of the transition to the new steady state. This omission may bias estimates of the total welfare gains to be achieved by reducing inflation and of the optimal degree of disinflation. It is also argued that, once the transition is taken into account, the welfare gains of lowering inflation depend on the monetary policy rule and the fiscal response to disinflation. The two themes of the paper are related, because if the welfare costs of inflation cannot ignore the transitional dynamics, then simulating disinflation processes requires models with sensible short run properties. Key words: Monetary general equilibrium model, endogenous growth, welfare costs of inflation, monetary transmission, liquidity effects JEL codes: D58, E31, E52, O41