Dutch institutional investors such as pension funds, investment funds and insurers kept their investments in risky bonds roughly the same over the past 12 months. This is a break from previous years: since 2019, large investors had expanded their exposure to what are termed high-yield bonds.Read more
Published: 15 May 2018
An assessment always takes place before a candidate takes up the intended position. A reassessment may take place after the candidate has taken office if facts and/or circumstances arise that constitute reasonable grounds. The reassessment focuses on suitability, reputation and/or propriety. The individual involved will be informed of the reassessment.
Because the person concerned is already in office and a negative decision could have serious repercussions, a reassessment is carried out only if there are reasonable grounds to do so. Reasonable grounds arise if a management or supervisory board member, or the institution for which they are a policymaker or co-policymaker, has breached laws or regulations. However, this must involve a breach on the grounds of which we would have issued a negative decision on this person's initial assessment.
There are several ways in which we can be informed about changed facts or circumstances, e.g. through our regular supervision activities, through notification by the person or institution concerned, or by a third party (such as another supervisory authority, a market operator or the Tax and Customs Administration).
If we decide to initiate a reassessment, we will inform the person involved. Reassessment comprises background screening, desk research and one or more interviews with the person in question. The institution for which they are a policymaker or co-policymaker will also be informed of the reassessment, unless we believe there are compelling reasons not to do so.
Decision-making and consequences
Our Executive Directors of Supervision decide on the outcome of the reassessment. They are not involved in establishing the reasonable ground for reassessment. If the reassessment does not result in a negative decision, the policymaker or co-policymaker can stay in office. However, if they are found to be unfit for the position, we will issue a provisional instruction for dismissal. This only relates to the position for which the policymaker or co-policymaker was assessed for fitness. If the reassessment results in a negative opinion on their propriety, however, the instruction for dismissal applies to all positions that this person holds within the financial sector. There is an opportunity to present a statement of views following a provisional instruction for dismissal, and an option for objection, appeal and further appeal following the final decision. If the policymaker or co-policymaker resigns of their own accord, we no longer have any legal grounds for issuing an instruction or provisional instruction for dismissal.
Cooperation with the AFM
Just as with initial assessments, we may cooperate with the Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM) in reassessments. If the policymaker or co-policymaker is subject to both our and the AFM's supervision, we will inform the AFM of our decision for reassessment. The AFM may then decide to join the procedure. Consequently, reassessment may impact the policymaker's or co-policymaker's positions at institutions under the AFM's supervision. The reverse may also apply, in the event of a reassessment initiated by the AFM.
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