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• Fine for Foris DAX MT Limited (Crypto.com) for having provided crypto services without the required registration until 2 August 2023

Enforcement measures

On 2 October 2023, De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) imposed an administrative fine of €2,850,000 on Foris DAX MT Limited (DAX MT), also known under the trade name ‘Crypto.com’. The fine was imposed because DAX MT provided crypto services in the Netherlands in the past without registration with DNB, which is in non-compliance with the law.

Published: 13 March 2024

Een man loopt langs de buitenentree van het Toorop-gebouw


Companies wishing to provide crypto services in the Netherlands are required to register with DNB under the Dutch Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorist Financing Act (Wet ter voorkoming van witwassen en financieren van terrorisme – Wwft).


DAX MT’s non-compliance with the Wwft is punishable by a category 3 fine. The base amount in this fine category is €2 million, with a minimum amount of €0 and a maximum amount of €4 million. DNB applied its General fine calculation policy (in Dutch) to set the amount of the administrative fine. The base amount has been increased to €2.85 million due to the severity and degree of culpability of the non-compliance.

In increasing the fine, DNB took into account the fact that DAX MT has a significant number of customers in the Netherlands that make use of its crypto services. In addition, DAX MT has enjoyed a competitive advantage in that it has not paid any supervisory fees to DNB or incurred any other costs for compliance with the Wwft, nor any costs in connection with DNB’s regular supervision activities. A further important reason for the increased fine is that the non-compliance persisted over a prolonged period: from 21 May 2020 until at least 8 November 2022 (the end date of DNB's examination). This is why DNB considers the non-compliance to be very severe.

Registration requirement

The registration requirement for crypto service providers was introduced on 21 May 2020 because of the high risk of money laundering and terrorist financing associated with crypto services. This is related to the anonymity associated with crypto transactions. The registration requirement enables DNB to monitor the risk of illicit financial flows more effectively.

The Wwft aims to counter money laundering of criminal proceeds and terrorist financing. Action against money laundering is of high importance to ensure effective countering of different forms of serious crime. Concealing the origin of criminal proceeds enables perpetrators to keep out of the reach of the investigative authorities and enjoy their ill-gotten gains undisturbed.

DAX MT contravened the objectives of the Wwft in the past by providing crypto services in the Netherlands without registration with DNB. This meant that DAX MT was unable to report unusual transactions to the Financial Intelligence Unit-Netherlands during the period of non-compliance. As a result, a large number of unusual transactions may have gone unnoticed by the investigative authorities during this period.


DAX MT has until 13 November 2023 to object to the fine.

Chart Fine for Foris DAX MT Limited

Further information
You can read the decision to impose an administrative fine here, with the exception of confidential information. For further information, please contact DNB’s Information Desk on 0800 020 1068 (freephone in the Netherlands) or +31 20 524 91 11 if you call from abroad.

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