This paper examines which economic, fiscal, external, financial, and institutional characteristics of countries affect the likelihood that they adopt inflation targeting as their monetary policy strategy. We estimate a panel binary response transition model for 60 countries and two subsamples consisting of OECD and non-OECD countries over the period 1985-2008. The findings suggest that past macroeconomic performance of a country, its fiscal discipline, exchange rate arrangements, as well as the structure and development of its financial system have a significant impact on the likelihood to adopt inflation targeting. However, the determinants of inflation targeting differ between OECD and non-OECD countries.
Keywords: inflation targeting, monetary policy strategy.
JEL Classification: E42, E52.