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12 September 2018 Supervision Supervision label Q&A


Can repayment of the unlawfully obtained gain be demanded?


Yes, it can in all fine categories, if the gain exceeds EUR 2,000,000. In that case, the fine may be set at twice the amount of the gain that the non-compliant party obtained on account of its non-compliance.


  • Banks
  • Clearing institutions
  • Collective investment schemes
  • Insurers
  • Investment firms
  • Payment institutions
  • Pension funds
  • Trust offices