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24 February 2021 Supervision Supervision label Factsheet

The prudential requirements for (management companies of) undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (UCITS) and alternative investment funds (AIFs) have been set out in the Decree on Prudential Rules for Financial Undertakings (Besluit prudentiële regels Wft – Bpr).

Minimum own funds

UCITS and AIFs, as well as their management companies, must fulfil the following own funds requirements at all times.

Financial undertaking

Own funds (Sections 48 and 63 of the Bpr)

Elements of own funds Sections 50 and 51 of the Bpr)

Solvency/minimum required own funds

AIF management company

€ 125,000

The elements referred to in Article 26(1), under a to e, of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR).

€ 125,000 + 0.02 % of the amount of the managed assets in excess of € 250 million and up to a maximum of € 10 million (Section 63 of the Bpr).
Fixed costs (Section 63(3) of the Bpr).

UCITS management company

€ 125,000

The elements referred to in Article 26(1), under a to e, of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR).

€ 125,000 + 0.02 % of the amount of the managed assets in excess of € 250 million and up to a maximum of € 10 million (Section 63 of the Bpr).
Fixed costs (Section 63(3) of the Bpr).

Alternative investment company or undertaking for collective investment in transferable securities which do not have a separate management company

€ 300,000

The elements referred to in Article 26(1), under a to e, of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR).

-

AIF or UCITS depositaries

€ 730,000

Core capital referred to in Articles 26(1), under a to e, 51 and 62 of the CRR.

Additional requirements may apply to AIF depositaries, in accordance with Article 21(3) of the AIFM Directive.

The own funds required for the solvency test are defined in Section 1:1 of the Bpr as the own funds referred to in Article 72 of the CRR. The reference to Article 72 of the CRR means that the own funds required for the solvency test must comply with the requirements for common equity tier 1 capital (CET1), additional tier 1 capital (AT1) and tier 2 capital (T2) as described in the CRR.

In addition to the above minimum amount of own funds and the requisite regulatory capital, an alternative investment firm (AIF) that does not have a separate management company or an AIFM should have additional own funds or professional indemnity insurance in accordance with Article 9(7) and (9) of the AIFM Directive.

The own funds, the own funds required for the solvency test and the additional own funds of an AIF without a separate management company or an AIFM must also meet the requirements of Article 9(8) of the AIFM Directive.

Article 9(7) to 9(9) of the AIFM Directive has been implemented in Section 63b of the Bpr.

Directive 2011/61/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council

Article 9: Initial capital and own funds

1. Member States shall require that an AIFM which is an internally managed AIF has an initial capital of at least EUR 300000.

2. Where an AIFM is appointed as external manager of AIFs, the AIFM shall have an initial capital of at least EUR 125000.

3. Where the value of the portfolios of AIFs managed by the AIFM exceeds EUR 250 million, the AIFM shall provide an additional amount of own funds. That additional amount of own funds shall be equal to 0,02 % of the amount by which the value of the portfolios of the AIFM exceeds EUR 250 million but the required total of the initial capital and the additional amount shall not, however, exceed EUR 10 million.

4. For the purpose of paragraph 3, AIFs managed by the AIFM, including AIFs for which the AIFM has delegated functions in accordance with Article 20 but excluding AIF portfolios that the AIFM is managing under delegation, shall be deemed to be the portfolios of the AIFM.

5. Irrespective of paragraph 3, the own funds of the AIFM shall never be less than the amount required under Article 21 of Directive 2006/49/EC.

6. Member States may authorise AIFMs not to provide up to 50 % of the additional amount of own funds referred to in paragraph 3 if they benefit from a guarantee of the same amount given by a credit institution or an insurance undertaking which has its registered office in a Member State, or in a third country where it is subject to prudential rules considered by the competent authorities as equivalent to those laid down in Union law.

7. To cover potential professional liability risks resulting from activities AIFMs may carry out pursuant to this Directive, both internally managed AIFs and external AIFMs shall either:

(a) have additional own funds which are appropriate to cover potential liability risks arising from professional negligence; or
(b) hold a professional indemnity insurance against liability arising from professional negligence which is appropriate to the risks covered.

8. Own funds, including any additional own funds as referred to in point (a) of paragraph 7, shall be invested in liquid assets or assets readily convertible to cash in the short term and shall not include speculative positions.

9. The Commission shall adopt, by means of delegated acts in accordance with Article 56 and subject to the conditions of Articles 57 and 58, measures in relation to paragraph 7 of this Article specifying:

(a) the risks the additional own funds or the professional indemnity insurance must cover;
(b) the conditions for determining the appropriateness of additional own funds or the coverage of the professional indemnity insurance; and
(c) the manner of determining ongoing adjustments of the additional own funds or of the coverage of the professional indemnity insurance.

10. With the exception of paragraphs 7 and 8 and of the delegated acts adopted pursuant to paragraph 9, this Article shall not apply to AIFMs which are also UCITS management companies.