Outdated browser

You are using an outdated browser. DNB.nl works best with:

17 June 2022 Supervision Supervision label Supervision Q&A


Are de facto directors and legal entities subject to the same penalty and disclosure regime?


Yes, they are. The penalty amounts laid down in law are the same for de facto directors and legal entities. DNB also observes the Penalty Amounts Policy when determining the amount of the fine. By law, penalties imposed in connection with non-compliance with the Financial Supervision Act (Wet op het financieel toezicht – Wft), the Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorist Financing Act (Wet ter voorkoming van witwassen en financieren van terrorisme – Wwft) the Act on the Supervision of Trust Offices (Wet toezicht trustkantoren 2018 – Wtt), the Pensions Act (Pensioenwet – Pw) or the Mandatory Occupational Pension Scheme Act (Wet verplichte beroepspensioenregeling – Wvb) must be disclosed unless a statutory exception applies which requires such disclosure to be anonymised, postponed or waived.


  • Banks
  • Clearing institutions
  • Collective investment schemes
  • Insurers
  • Payment institutions
  • Pension funds
  • Trust offices