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01 April 2017 Supervision Supervision label Factsheet

Prohibition on operating as a bank without a licence

If you do not hold a licence from the European Central Bank (ECB), you are not permitted to pursue the business of a bank in the Netherlands pursuant to Section 2:11 of the Financial Supervision Act (Wet op het financieel toezicht - Wft).

We pursue a policy of active enforcement and perform checks at regular intervals. If you pursue the business of a bank without a licence or statutory exception, DNB can take several enforcement measures, including issuing cease and desist orders and imposing administrative fines.

Economic offence 

Non-compliance with the Financial Supervision Act constitutes a criminal offence under the Economic Offences Act, which we can report to the public prosecutor's office.

Information licence application for a bank


  • Banks