On agricultural commodities' extreme price risk
Price risk is among the most substantial risk factors for farmers. Through a two-sector general equilibrium model, we describe how fat tails in agricultural prices may occur endogenously as a result of productivity shocks. Using thirty years of daily futures price data, we show that the returns of all agricultural commodities in our sample closely follow a power law in the tail of their distributions. We apply Extreme Value Theory to estimate the size and likelihood of the highest losses a farmer may encounter. Back-testing verifies the validity of these risk measurement methods.
Keywords: Agricultural commodities, extreme value theory, heavy tails, risk management.
JEL Classification: C14, Q11, Q14.
Working paper no. 403
- Maarten van Oordt
- Philip Stork
- Casper de Vries